Leather hides are the raw materials used in the production of leather products. They are the skins or hides of various animals, such as cows, sheep, goats, pigs, and even exotic animals like crocodiles and snakes. The hides are typically obtained from animals raised for meat production.
The process of turning animal hides into leather involves several steps, including curing, tanning, and finishing. Curing involves preserving the hides by removing any flesh and fat and then treating them with salt to prevent decay. Tanning is the process of treating the cured hides with chemicals, such as chromium salts, vegetable extracts, or synthetic tanning agents, to make them more durable, flexible, and resistant to decay. Finally, finishing processes like dyeing, buffing, and coating are applied to enhance the appearance and texture of the leather.